Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka is known as both the ‘pearl of the Indian Ocean’ and the ‘teardrop of India’ due to its shape. Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. Known until 1972 as Ceylon, Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.The country has 103 rivers. Sri Lanka has 45 estuaries and 40 lagoons.Because the country has lots of waterfalls, most of Sri Lanka’s electricity is powered by hydro-powered energy.

Sri-lanka-geographical-location-map

Sri Lanka is a diverse country, home to many religions, ethnicities and languages.Sri Lanka has a rich Buddhist heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, dates back to the Fourth Buddhist Council in 29 BCESinhalese and Tamil are the two official languages of Sri Lanka.English is widely used for education, scientific and commercial purposes. Hinduism is the second most prevalent religion in Sri Lanka and predates Buddhism.There are 15 universities in Sri Lanka.Sri Lanka’s national flag is said to be one of the oldest flags in the world.

Flag-of-sri-lanka-svg

Sri Lanka is the oldest democracy in South AsiaFor administrative purposes, Sri Lanka is divided into nine provinces and twenty-five districtsIn the 19th and 20th centuries, Sri Lanka became a plantation economy, famous for its production and export of cinnamon, rubber and Ceylon tea, which remains a trademark national export.The country's main economic sectors are tourism, tea export, clothing, rice production and other agricultural products.It is also an important producer of coffee, gemstones, coconuts, rubber, and the native cinnamon, the island contains tropical forests and diverse landscapes with a high amount of biodiversity.

In 2010, The New York Times placed Sri Lanka at the top of its list of 31 places to visit.The port at Trincomalee is the fifth largest natural harbour in the world: during World War II the British stated that they could place their entire navy in the harbour with room to spare. 

Dishes include rice and curry, pittuKiribath, wholemeal RotiString hoppers, wattalapam (a rich pudding of Malay origin made of coconut milk, jaggery, cashew nuts, eggs, and spices including cinnamon and nutmeg), kottu, and hoppersJackfruit may sometimes replace rice and curries. Traditionally food is served on a plantain leaf.

Kiribath

In April, Sri Lankans celebrate the Buddhist and Hindu new year festival. In Sri Lanka, when someone shakes their head from side to side with a slight wiggle, it actually means “yes.”

While the national sport in Sri Lanka is volleyball, by far the most popular sport in the country is cricket.

Places of Interest >

Adam’s Peak is the most sacred mountain in the country. Pilgrims from all over climb to its peak by candlelight to stand in what they believe to be the footsteps of Buddha.

Adams-peak Sl-adams-peak-kandy-dambulla-sigiriya-001

Yala National Park in the southeast protects herds of elephant, deer, and peacocks.

Sri-lanka-yala-national-park-sri-lanka1-707x300 Leopard-fight-yala-national-park

Unawatuna - Described as most wonderful beach location by the nature, Unawatuna is one of the best Scuba Diving Locations in Sri Lanka. It is famous beach, Scuba Diving, Surfing and Sea Food in Sri Lankan Style.

Unawatuna-beach Unawatuna

Mirissa is a small, beautiful and rocky beach which is calm, relaxing and almost private.Whales and dolphins watching, deep sea fishing, river trips, snorkeling and bird watching are activities you could do while you travel in Mirissa, Sri Lanka.

Mirissa Mirissa-beach

Arugam Bay - The place located in south east of the country 317 km from Colombo is a fine beach near associated with fishing villages. It has been identified as the best surfing beach in Sri Lanka and 4th best in south east Asia. It also comes with the ten best surfing beaches in the world. Wide sandy beaches and lagoons associated with neighbouring Kumana bird sanctuary are added values for visitors going to Arugam bay.

Arugam-bay Surf-holiday-arugam-bay-sri-lanka-surfer-girls-3

Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil or Nallur Murugan Kovil is one of the most significantHindu temples in the Jaffna District of Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It stands in the town of Nallur. 

Nallur-kandaswamy-kovil-murugan-temple Nallur-kandaswamy-temple

Lankarama is a stupa built by King Valagamba, in an ancient place at Galhebakada in the ancient kingdom of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. 

Lankarama-dagaba-in-anuradhapura Lankarama-dagaba-2

Kuttam Pokuna - One of the best specimen of bathing tanks or pools in ancient Sri Lanka is the pair of pools known as Kuttam Pokuna The said pair of pools were built by the Sinhalese in the ancient kingdom of Anuradhapura. 

Kuttam-pokuna

Koneswaram temple of Trincomalee The Temple of the Thousand Pillars and Dakshina-Then Kailasam is a classical-medieval Hindu temple complex in Trincomalee, a Hindu religious pilgrimage centre in Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. 

Koneswaram-temple Koneswaram

Jetavanaramaya is a stupa, located in the ruins of Jetavana Monastery in the sacred world heritage city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. King Mahasena  initiated the construction of the stupa following the destruction of Mahavihara. 

Jetavanaramaya-2

Beira Lake is a lake in the heart of the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The lake is surrounded by many large businesses in the city. It occupied approximately 165 hectares of land 100 years ago and has been reduced to mere 65 hectares today due to various reasons.

Beira-lake Beira-lake-full

St. Clair's Falls is one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka. It is called the "Little Niagara of Sri Lanka" and is one of the most politically discussed environmental entities in Sri Lanka.

St-clairs-falls

National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka is a zoological garden in Dehiwala, Sri Lanka, founded in 1936. Its sprawling areas are host to a variety of animals and birds. The zoo exhibits animals but also places an emphasis on animal conservation and welfare, and education.

National-zoological-gardens-of-sri-lanka National-zoological-gardens-of-sri-lanka-bui

Sigiriya is an ancient palace located in the central Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central ProvinceSri Lanka. The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa, this site was selected by King Kasyapa for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes.

Sigiriya-13 Sigiiya

Kandy  is a major city in Sri Lanka, located in the Central ProvinceSri Lanka. It is the second largest city in the country after Colombo. It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka. The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy is the home of The Temple of the Tooth Relic, one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. 

Kandy Kandy-city

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Zobrazit: standardní | od aktivních | poslední příspěvky | všechno
Marushka z IP 90.149.57.*** | 10.1.2016 22:02
Hola. Keby niekto hladal nieco po Slovensky tak nejake aktualne info zo Sri Lanky tu - marushkaphoto.blogspot.com/2016/01/za-vsetkym-je-cajovnik.html
Bon Voyage!


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