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Moscow is the capital city and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural and scientific center in Russia and in Eastern Europe.


According to Forbes 2013, Moscow has the largest number of billionaire residents in the world, has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and is one of the world's largest urban economies, being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network and is also one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index.


Moscow is the northernmost and coldest megacity and metropolis on Earth, the second most populous city in Europe after Istanbul and the 8th largest city proper in the world, as well as the largest amongst high income economies. 


Moscow is situated on the banks of the Moskva River, which flows for just over 500 km  through the East European Plain in central Russia. Teplostanskaya highland is the city's highest point at 255 metres. 

According to the results of the 2010 Census, the population of Moscow was 11,503,501. Christianity is the predominant religion in the city, of which the Russian Orthodox Church is the most popular. Moscow is Russia's capital of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has been the country’s traditional religion and was deemed a part of Russia's "historical heritage" in a law passed in 1997. Muslims constitute around 1.5 million, that is 14% of the population. There are four mosques in the city.


Moscow is the seat of power for the Russian Federation. At the centre of the city, in the Central Administrative Okrug, is the Moscow Kremlin, which houses the home of the President of Russia as well as many national governmental facilities. 

Interesting >

Moscow has the lowest unemployment rate of all federal subjects of Russia, standing at just 1% in 2010, compared to the national average of 7%. Based on Forbes' 2011 list of the world's billionaires, Moscow is the city with the most billionaires in the world, with 79 from 115 in all of Russia.

The city has some five-story apartment buildings constructed before the mid-1960s, more recent apartment buildings are usually at least 9 floors tall, and have elevators. It is estimated that Moscow has over twice as many elevators as New York City and four times as many as Chicago. Moslift, one of the city's major elevator operating companies, has about 1500 elevator mechanics on call, to release residents trapped in elevators.

Moscow's road system is centered roughly around the Kremlin at the heart of the city. From there, roads generally span outwards to intersect with a sequence of circular roads ("rings").


Moscow is the western terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway, which traverses nearly 9,300 kilometres of Russian territory to Vladivostok on the Pacific coast.

The Moscow Metro is one of the world's busiest metro systems, serving about ten million passengers daily. (300,000,000 people every month).

There are 450 square kilometres of green zones besides 100 square kilometres of forests. Moscow is a very green city, if compared to other cities of comparable size in Western Europe and North America; this is partly due to a history of having green "yards" with trees and grass, between residential buildings. There are on average 27 square meters of parks per person in Moscow compared with 6 for Paris, 7.5 in London and 8.6 in New York.

Moscow is home to sixty-three stadiums of which Luzhniki Stadium is the largest and the 4th biggest in Europe.The most titled ice hockey team in the Soviet Union and in the world, HC CSKA Moscow comes from Moscow. Moscow had more winners at the USSR and Russian Chess Championship than any other city. Some of them were the best players in the world.


The Moscow city center and Rublevka (richest area of the city) have a wide selection of luxury establishments. Tverskaya Street is also one of the busiest shopping streets in Moscow.The adjoining Tretyakovsky Proyezd, also south of Tverskaya Street, in Kitai-gorod, is host to upscale boutique stores such as Bulgari, Tiffany & Co., Armani, Prada and Bentley. Nightlife in Moscow has moved on since Soviet times and today the city has many of the world's largest nightclubs.


Moscow is also the heart of the Russian performing arts, including ballet and film. There are 93 theaters, 132 cinemas and 24 concert halls in Moscow. There are 452 libraries in the city, including 168 for children.

English-language media include The Moscow Times and Moscow News, which are, respectively, the largest and oldest English-language weekly newspapers in all of Russia. Kommersant and Vedomosti are among the country's leading and oldest Russian-language business newspapers.

Places of Interest >

Red SquareRed Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad) has been at the heart of Moscow for over 500 turbulent years, and its grand buildings recall the city’s eventful history. 

Red-square Moscow-red-square

St. Basil's CathedralWith red-brick towers and swirling onion domes, this gloriously colourful cathedral is perhaps Russia’s most emblematic building.

St-basils-cathedral Inside-st-basils-cathedral

Cathedral of the AssumptionOriginally founded in 1326, the cathedral was redesigned in 1470 by Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti in Renaissance spirit. For centuries it hosted Russia’s most important ceremonies, including the coronation of Ivan the Terrible in 1547 and the inaugurations and burials of the patriarchs and metropolitans of the Orthodox Church.

Cathedral-of-the-assumption Cathedral-of-the-assumption-inside

Pushkin Museum of Fine ArtsThis stately museum has amassed over 500,000 artworks since its inauguration in 1912. It was envisaged as an educational institution, and was initially filled with plaster casts of sculptural masterpieces along with a world-class selection of Egyptian relics. 

Pushkin-museum-of-fine-arts Pushkin-museum-of-fine-arts-inside

Bolshoy TheatreEstablished in 1776, the Bolshoy theatre and ballet companies are among the oldest in the world. They were based in Moscow’s Petrovsky Theatre until 1812, when the building was consumed by fire during Napoleon’s invasion.

Moscow-bolshoi-theatre Bolshoi-theatre-inside

Tretyakov GalleryStarting life in 1856, when Pavel Tretyakov first exhibited his collection of paintings in his front room, the Tretyakov Gallery has since evolved into the world’s largest repository of Russian art, with more than 130,000 works. 

Tretyakov-gallery Tretyakov-gallery-inside

Metro StationsOpened in 1935 as part of the government’s plan to transform Moscow into the world’s capital of Communism, the metro's first stations were conceived as magnificent showcases of Soviet success. Today, retaining ubiquitous red stars and original Soviet artworks, the metro is a working museum of Communist design. 

Metro-stations Moscow-metro-stations

Novodevichiy ConventThis splendid UNESCO-listed convent was founded in 1525 to celebrate Grand Prince Basil III’s recapture of Smolensk in 1514. Many aristocrats took their vows here and it became known as a nunnery of nobility. 

Novodevichiy-convent Novodevichiy-convent-moscow

Kolomenskoe EstateSet in idyllic riverside parkland, Kolomenskoe was the favourite summer residence of Ivan the Terrible and was also popular with Tsar Mikhail I.

Kolomenskoe-estate-moscow Kolomenskoe-estate

Neskuchny Garden - the oldest park in Moscow and a former imperial residence, created as a result of the integration of three estates in the 18th century. The Garden features the Green Theater, one of the largest open amphitheaters in Europe, able to hold up to 15 thousand people.

Neskuchny-garden Neskuchny-garden-moscow

Gorky Park - officially the Central Park of Culture and Rest  was founded in 1928. The main part  along the Moskva river contains estrades, children's attractions (including the Observation Wheel water ponds with boats and water bicycles), dancing, tennis courts and other sports facilities.

Gorky-park Gorky-park_2

Tsytsin Main Botanical Garden of Academy of Sciencesfounded in 1945 is the largest in Europe. It covers territory of 3.61 square kilometres  bordering th e All-Russia Exhibition Center and contains a live exhibition of more than 20 thousand different species of plants from different parts of the world, as well as a lab for scientific research. It also contains a rosarium with 20 thousand rose bushes, a dendrarium, and an oak forest, with the average age of trees exceeding 100 years. 

Botanical-garden-of-academy-of-sciences Tsytsin-main-botanical-garden-of-academy-of-sciences

The Church of the Ascension at Kolomenskoye - which dates from 1532, is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and another popular attraction.

The-church-of-the-ascension-at-kolomenskoye The-church-of-the-ascension-at-kolomenskoye-moscow

The Polytechnical Museum - founded in 1872 is the largest technical museum in Russia, offering a wide array of historical inventions and technological achievements, including humanoid automata from the 18th century and the first Soviet computers. Its collection contains more than 160,000 items.


The Moscow International Performance Arts Center - opened in 2003, also known as Moscow International House of Music, is known for its performances in classical music. It also has the largest organ in Russia installed in Svetlanov Hall.

The-moscow-international-performance-arts-center The-moscow-international-performance-arts-center-inside

The Shchusev State Museum of Architecture is the national museum of Russian architecture by the name of the architect Alexey Shchusevnear the Kremlin area.

The-shchusev-state-museum-of-architecture Schusev-state-museum-of-architecture-paintings

The Russian State Library -  founded in 1862 is the national library of Russia. This library is home to over 275 km of shelves and 42 million items, including over 17 million books and serial volumes, 13 million journals, 350,000 music scores and sound records, and 150,000 maps, making it the largest library in Russia and one of the largest in the world. Items in 247 different languages comprise approximately 29 percent of the collection.

Russian-state-library Russian-state-library-inside

The Federation Tower, now being built is to be completed in 2015, will become the tallest building in Europe when completed. Also to be included in the project are a water park and other recreational facilities; business and entertainment complexes, numerous prestigious office and residential buildings, the transport network and the new site of the Moscow government.


KremlinNot only one of the largest and most interesting museums in the world, but also the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.

Kremlin Kremlin-2

Štítky: Európa
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