Cuba

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Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba comprises the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos. Havana is the capital of Cuba and its largest city.Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, and with over 11 million inhabitants, is the second-most populous after Hispaniola, albeit with a much lower population density than most nations in the region.Cuba today is the only remaining communist state to receive a "very high" human development ranking from the United Nations, and ranks well in measures of health and education.

Map-of-cuba

The Republic of Cuba is one of the world's last remaining Communist states. In February 2013, Raúl Castro, current Cuban President, announced his resignation for 2018, that will end his current 5-year term, and hope to implement permanent term limits for future Cuban Presidents, including age limits. The Cuban government has been accused of numerous human rights abuses including torture, arbitrary imprisonment, unfair trials, and extrajudicial executions (also known as "El Paredón"). 

2000px-flag-of-cuba-svg

The country is subdivided into 15 provinces and one special municipality .The main island named Cuba is 1,250 km long and is the largest island in the Caribbean and 17th-largest island in the world by land area.The main island consists mostly of flat to rolling plains apart from the Sierra Maestra mountains in the southeast, whose highest point is Pico Turquino 1,974 m. With most of the island south of the Tropic of Cancer, the local climate is tropical, moderated by northeasterly trade winds that blow year-round. Cuba's natural resources include sugar, tobacco, fish, citrus fruits, and coffee.

Provinces

Cuba had the second-highest number of imprisoned journalists of any nation in 2008 (the People's Republic of China had the highest) according to various sources, including the Committee to Protect Journalists and Human Rights Watch.

Cuba recorded 2,688,000 international tourists in 2011, the third-highest figure in the Caribbean (behind the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico).

In 2010, the religious affiliation of the country was estimated by the Pew Forum to be 59% Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 23% unaffiliated, 17% folk religion (such as santería), and the remaining 0.4% consisting of other religions.The official language of Cuba is Spanish and the vast majority of Cubans speak it. Spanish as spoken in Cuba is known as Cuban Spanish and is a form of Caribbean Spanish.

Cuban music is very rich and is the most commonly known expression of culture. The central form of this music is Son, which has been the basis of many other musical styles like salsa, rumba and mambo and an upbeat derivation of the rumba, the cha-cha-cha. Cuban cuisine is a fusion of Spanish and Caribbean cuisines. Cuban recipes share spices and techniques with Spanish cooking, with some Caribbean influence in spice and flavor.  The traditional Cuban meal is not served in courses; all food items are served at the same time.

Son

Baseball is by far the most popular; other sports and pastimes include football, basketball, volleyball, cricket, and athletics.

The top-ranking universities in the country are Universidad de la Habana, Instituto Superior Politécnico José Antonio Echeverría and the Universidad Central Marta Abreu de la Villas.

Places of Interest >

Old Havana is the city-center and one of the 15 municipalities forming Havana, Cuba, it has the second highest population density in the city and contains the core of the original city of Havana. 

Old-havana

Morro Castle - named after the three biblical Magi, is a fortress guarding the entrance to Havana bay in Havana. In this case, the Spanish "morro" means a rock which is very visible from the sea and therefore serves as a navigational landmark. 

Morro-castle

Finca Vigía was the home of Ernest Hemingway in San Francisco de Paula, Cuba, and now houses a museum.

Finca-vigia

The Che Guevara Mausoleum (Mausoleo Che Guevara) is a memorial in Santa Clara, Cuba. It houses the remains of executed Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara and twenty-nine of his fellow combatants killed in 1967 during Guevara's attempt to spur an armed uprising in Bolivia. The full area which contains a bronze 22-foot statue of Che is referred to as the Ernesto Guevara Sculptural Complex.

The-che-guevara-mausoleum

Teatro de La Caridad or Teatro La Caridad (Spanish for "Charity's Theater"), located in Santa Clara, is one of the few remaining colonial theatres in Cuba. It is a National Monument of Cuba.

Teatro-de-la-caridad Teatro-de-la-caridad-inside

Baconao Park is a large park region, located about 60 kilometers away from the city of Santiago de Cuba, with a total surface of 848.57 km2

Baconao-park Bacanao-park

Hotel Inglaterra is the oldest hotel in Cuba and one of the most classic hotels in Havana.

Hotel-inglaterra

The José Martí Memorial is a memorial to José Martí, a national hero of Cuba, located on the northern side of the Plaza de la Revolución in the Vedado area of Havana. 

Jose-marti-memorial

Granma is the yacht that was used to transport 82 fighters of the Cuban Revolution from Mexico to Cuba in November 1956 for the purpose of overthrowing the regime of Fulgencio Batista.

Granma

Parque Vidal is a park located in the center of Santa Clara, Cuba, that covers an entire square block. In the middle of it, the Glorieta erected in 1911 still serves for public concerts.

Parque-vidal Parque-vidal_2

Cueva de Saturno

P1020388

Josone Park

Josone-park

Turquino National Park

 800px-2012-02-sierra-maestra-turquino-nationalpark-kuba-03-anagoria

Delfinario

Delfinario

Štítky: Latin America
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